Humerus Support

The humerus is the long bone in the upper arm, connecting the shoulder to the elbow. It provides structural support and enables a wide range of arm movements, including flexion, extension, abduction, and rotation. Muscles and ligaments attach to its various parts, allowing for force generation and motion. The humerus also articulates with the scapula and forearm bones, forming crucial joints for shoulder and elbow movement. It’s essential for overall upper limb function, stability, and mobility.


It seems like you’re asking about the anatomical structure and function of the humerus bone. The humerus is the long bone in the upper arm that extends from the shoulder joint to the elbow joint. It plays a crucial role in supporting and facilitating various movements of the arm. Let’s explore its anatomy and functions in more detail:

Anatomy of the Humerus: The humerus bone consists of several important anatomical features that contribute to its functions:

  1. Proximal End: This is the upper end of the humerus that articulates with the scapula (shoulder blade) to form the shoulder joint. The rounded head of the humerus fits into the shallow socket of the scapula known as the glenoid fossa.
  2. Greater and Lesser Tubercles: These are bony prominences on the proximal end of the humerus that serve as attachment sites for muscles and ligaments. The greater tubercle faces laterally and the lesser tubercle faces anteriorly.
  3. Deltoid Tuberosity: This is a roughened area on the lateral shaft of the humerus where the deltoid muscle attaches. The deltoid muscle covers the shoulder and is responsible for various arm movements.
  4. Shaft (Diaphysis): The long, cylindrical portion of the humerus between the proximal and distal ends.
  5. Medial and Lateral Epicondyles: These are bony projections located at the distal end of the humerus. They provide attachment points for forearm muscles and ligaments.
  6. Trochlea and Capitulum: These are two distinct condyles (rounded articular surfaces) at the distal end of the humerus. The trochlea articulates with the ulna bone in the forearm, forming the hinge joint of the elbow. The capitulum articulates with the radius bone in the forearm.

Functions of the Humerus: The humerus bone plays a vital role in supporting various functions of the upper limb:

  1. Support and Structure: The humerus serves as the primary bone that gives structural support to the upper limb. It connects the shoulder girdle to the forearm, allowing for a wide range of movements.
  2. Movement: The humerus is integral to the complex movements of the arm. It participates in actions such as flexion, extension, abduction, adduction, and rotation of the shoulder joint.
  3. Muscle Attachment: The various tubercles, epicondyles, and other bony prominences on the humerus provide attachment points for numerous muscles, tendons, and ligaments. These attachments allow for the generation of force and movement of the arm.
  4. Joint Articulation: The proximal end of the humerus forms the ball-and-socket joint with the scapula, enabling a wide range of motion in the shoulder joint. The distal end articulates with the ulna and radius bones to form the hinge joint of the elbow.
  5. Transmission of Forces: The humerus plays a role in transmitting forces from the upper body to the


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